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Oyster Mushroom Production Technology (Code 353)


Mushrooms have attracted the attention of man for their exceptional nutritive value and export value. Mushroom production is emerging in India as a promising agrobased enterprise. It is also getting very popular among unemployed youth, farmers, rural labourers, house wives and small scale entrepreneurs. Mushroom cultivation is an ideal vocation as it brings a return of over 150 percent in just 45 days.


At the end of this course, the learner will be able to:
Produce spawn;
Produce oyster mushroom and;
Get self employment with constant income.

Job Oppurtunities

  1. Self employment: Owner of oyster farm
  2. Wage employment: Worker in oyster farm.

Entry Qualification

Maticulation or Equivalent, or 10th Pass

Course Duration

One Year

Scheme of Evaluation

Theory - 40%, Practical - 60%

Passing Criteria

Separate Pass 33% marks in Theory and Practical

Course Content

A. Theory

Module 1 - Production of Oyster mushroom spawn

  1. What are Mushrooms, and Types
  2. Pure culture technique
  3. Preparation of sorghum (Jowar) grains for mother spawn production
  4. Inoculation of sorghum (Jowar) grains
  5. Preparation of bed spawn

Module 2 - Production of Oyster Mushroom

  1. Pre-requisites for oyster mushroom production
  2. Preparation of substrate, mushroom beds
  3. After care in mushroom beds
  4. Harvesting, packaging and storage of mushroom.
  5. Pest and Disease management

Module 3 - Post Harvest Technology of Mushrooms

  1. Nutritive value of Mushroom
  2. Long time stroage of Mushroom
  3. Recipes of Mushroom

B. Practical

Module 1 - Production of Mushroom spawn

  1. Preparation of Potato Dextrose agar (PDA)
  2. Pure culture technique
  3. Preparation of sorghum for spawn multiplication
  4. Mother spawn preparation
  5. Multiplication of bed spawn from mother spawn

Module 2 - Production of Oyster Mushroom

  1. Preparation of paddy straw
  2. Preparation of mushroom beds
  3. Opening of mushroom beds
  4. Harvesting and packaging of mushroom

Module 3 - Post Harvest Technology of Mushroom

  1. Blanching and drying
  2. Recipes of mushroom

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