Click HereBackground Note of "Ease of Schooling" session by DoSE&L.    Click HereList of Fake Websites resembling NIOS (एनआईओएस जैसी दिखने वाली नकली वेबसाइटों की सूची)    Click HereFrequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Vocational Education Programmes:2023-24 (अक्सर पूछे जाने वाले प्रश्न (एफएक्यू) व्यावसायिक शिक्षा कार्यक्रम - 2023-24) Newgood   Click HereNIOS presents Virtual Open School (VOS) Newgood    Click HereResult of D.El.Ed (2017-19) session NC cases has been declared on the official portal of NIOS i.e    Click HereNotification 02/2022 dt. 03/10/2022 regarding Issuance of Marksheet/Certificate for Diploma in Elementary Education (D.EL.ED)Newgood

Accessibility Features

The National Institute of Open Schooling is committed to make its website accessible to people with disabilities. In its effort to make the website accessible, NIOS has incorporated different features which will make it easier for users to browse the website.

Some of the accessibility features incorporated in the website includes adjusting the display settings, ease of navigation, content readability and so on. Following are the accessibility features incorporated in this website:

Alternate description for images & Audio/Video content:

  • Alternate Text: Brief description of an image is provided for users with visual disability. If you are using a browser that supports only text or have turned off the image display, you can still know what the image is all about by reading the alternate text in absence of an image. In addition, some browsers display the alternate text in the form of a tooltip when the user moves the mouse pointer over the image.

Display settings

  • Text size: The size of the text on the Web pages can be changed either through the browser or by clicking on the text sizing icons present at the top of each page.
  • Contrast schemes: The website provides different contrast schemes to enable users with visual impairments, such as low vision and colorblindness as well as users with learning impairments to view the web page information with ease. Different contrast schemes include Black on White.

Ease of Navigation

  • Skip to Main Content: Quick access to the core content of the page is provided for keyboard and screen reader users without requiring them to go through repetitive navigation links.
  • Descriptive Link Text: Brief description of a link is provided using clear and descriptive phrases instead of just using words such as 'Read more' and 'Click here' as link text. Further, if a link opens a Website in a new window, the description specifies the same.
  • Consistent Navigation Mechanism: Consistent means of navigation and style of presentation throughout the Website has been incorporated.

Content Readability & Structure

  • Icons: Text has been supplemented with icons to enable users with learning disabilities understand the information easily. Icons have been provided along with text labels for key navigation options as well as important features, such as print, email etc.
  • Identification of file type and file size: Information about alternate file types, such as PDF, Word, Excel along with the file size has been provided within the link text to help users identify the same. In addition, icons for different file types have been provided with the links. This helps users in deciding whether they wish to access the link. For example, if a link opens a PDF file, the link text specifies its file size and file type.
  • Table Headers: The table headings are marked and associated with their corresponding cells in each row. This enables a screen reader to read out the column and row header of any cell for the user.
  • Table caption and summary: Table captions are specified that act as labels, which indicate what data is provided in the table. In addition summary is specified to provide description for screen reader users to enable them understand the table information easily.
  • Headings: The Web page content is organized using appropriate headings and subheadings that provide a readable structure. H1 indicates the main heading, whereas H2 indicates a subheading. In addition, wherever required appropriate headings have been provided to improve readability.
  • Page titles: An appropriate name for each Web page is specified that helps users especially screen reader users to understand the page content easily.
  • Large Print: Web pages include large print option which helps users with low vision and senior citizens to print the web page with large font size.

Keyboard Support

  • Keyboard support for drop-down menus:Drop-down menus have been used to display the top navigation options across the website. Keyboard access has been provided to enable users with mobility and visual disabilities access the navigation options. Keyboard users can access the top navigation options in the following manner:
    • Press the Tab key to navigate to the drop-down menu options, such as About Us, Departments/Units etc. Press Enter to Show/Hide the drop-down menu options and press the Tab key. Along with Tab key, screen reader user can also access the drop-down menu options using the arrow keys. Further press the Enter key to activate the required option.
  • Keyboard support for navigating across the website:Interactive elements of the website, such as links and forms can be browsed using a keyboard by pressing the Tab and Shift + Tab keys.


  • Form instructions: Clear and easy to understand instructions are provided to help users fill up the form details successfully.
  • Clear and Unique form labels: Each form field, such as text boxes, radio button group, check boxes etc have been assigned form labels to help users identify the purpose of the same.
  • Explicit Form Label Association: A label is linked to its respective control, such as text box, check box, radio button, and drop-down list. This enables the assistive technologies to identify the labels for the controls on a form.
  • Descriptive error messages: In case of errors that occur while filling up a form, users are informed about errors using descriptive messages to help them rectify them and complete the form.

Related Accessibility Links:

Important Links